The Viking Age Timeline (A.D. 789 - 1085)
789 - The first Viking attack on England.
793 - Vikings attacks the monastery at Lindisfarne.
794 - Vikings attacks the monastery at Yarrow, but fails.
795 - Vikings approaches the Irish sea and attacks on Ireland starts.
797 - Vikings attacks Lambay, Ireland.
798 - Vikings attacks Isle of Man (according to Ulster annals, but perhaps not correct).
798 - Vikings attacks on France (before 800) begins.
800 - Skiringsal and Birka trade centers are founded (approximately).
802 - Vikings attacks the monastery at the holly Columbas on the isle Iona of the Hebrides.
805 - Vikings attacks the monastery at the holly Columbas for the second time.
813 - The magnificent Oseberg ship is built (dated by dendrochronology).
820 - Vikings conquers the Isle of Man and establishes permanently.
820 - Vikings attacks Flanders and approches the moth of river Seine.
834 - The Oseberg ship is mounded (dated by dendrochronology).
834 - Vikings approaches the river Thames, England.
839 - Turgeis (Torgisl) and a big Viking fleet conquers Ireland and settles permanently.
841 - Vikings under the leadership of Turgeis founds Dublin, Ireland.
841 - Vikings burns Lillebonne, Caudebec and Rouen and destroys the abbeys of Jumieges and St Wandrille.
843 - Vikings of Vestfold establishes a power base at the isle Noirmountier (Loire) and raids Nates.
844 - A Viking raid on Seville is repulsed.
844 - Turgeis is killed by the Irish, drowned in Loch Nair.
845 - Viking chieftain Ragnar Lodbrok attacks Paris along a big fleet.
853 - Olaf the White conquers Ireland along a big Viking fleet.
857 - Vikings raids Paris again.
858 - Vikings captures the abbot of St Denis and claims ransome.
859 - Vikings raids in the Mediterranean for the first time.
860 - Rus (Sweds) Vikings attacks Constantinople (Istanbul).
861- The third big attack on Paris by Vikings.
862 - Novgorod in Russia is founded by the Rus Viking, Ulrich.
863 - Xanten demolished by Vikings.
866 - Danish Vikings establishes the kingdom of York, England.
870 - Harold Luva (Fairhair) starts his effort to gain full control in Norway.
871 - Alfred the Great becomes king of Wessex; the Danish advance is halted in England.
871 - Olaf the White returns to Norway, his brother Ivarr becoms ruler of Ireland.
874 - Ivarr the Boneless dies, his sons continues attacks on north-eastern England.
879 - Rurik establishes Kiev as power center of the Kievan Rus' domains.
885 - A huge fleet of Viking ships attacks Paris, but fails in conquering the city.
885 - Harald (Luva) Fairhair finally unites Norway as one kingdom, first in Scandinavia.
886 - Alfred and the Danes splits England under the Danelaw pact.
890 - The Gokstad ship is built (dated by dendrochronology).
891 - The Vikings at Noirmountier (France) is finally beaten.
894 - Turf-Einar, son of Rognwald and half brother of Rollo, becomes earl of Orkney.
900 - Vikings raids in the Mediterranean again.
902 - The Irish regains Dublin from the Vikings, and rules for fifteen years.
911 - The Viking chieftain Rollo is granted land by the Frankish king and founds the Duchy of Normandy.
917 - Vikings defeats Dublin by military power and regains the throne.
928 - Kings Æthelstan and Harald Fairhair joins in a treaty to gain control of the Norse Vikings.
930 - The first democracy (Alltinget) of the world is founded at Thingvellir, Iceland, by Vikings.
940 - Harald Fairhair dies and his son Eirik Blood-axe struggle to gain full control of Norway, but fails.
941 - Rus Vikings attacks Constantinople (Istanbul).
947 - Eirik Blood-axe, son of Fairhair, gains control of York.
949 - Olaf Crovan defeats Eirik Blood-axe, who flees.
950 - Eirik Blood-axe regains control of York.
954 - Eirik Blood-axe killed at the Battle of Stainmore in York, Vikings defeated by King Edmund.
974 - Emperor Otto II of Germany attacks Denmark, but fails because of Norwegian help.
976 - Maccus Haraldsson, first known king of Man, dies, his brother Gudrød approaches throne.
976 - Angelsey (coast of Wales) is included to the Norse kingdom of Man.
980 - Vikings starts regular attacks to gain control of England.
984 - Viking leader Erik the Red discovers Greenland and starts settling.
985 - The Jomsvikings attacks Norway, lead by Earl Sigvalde, but is firmly defeated at Hjørungavåg.
986 - Viking ships sails in Newfoundland waters.
991 - Viking chieftain Olaf Tryggvasson, along 93 ships, defeats Byrhtnoth at Maldon (August).
991 - Æthelred II pays, the first Danegeld ransom, off £
10,000 in silver to stop Viking attck on London.
994 - Æthelred II pays off £16,000 in silver to stop Viking attcks on London.
995 - Olaf Tryggvasson conquers Norway and proclaims a Christian kingdom.
999 - Christianity reaches Greenland and Iceland by powers of Olaf Tryggvasson.
1000 - Leif Eriksson, son of Erik the Red, explores the coast of North America.
1000 - Olaf Tryggvasson dies in the Battle of Svolder (coast of Vendland); Norway ruled by Danes.
1002 - Brian Boru defeats the Norse Vikings and becomes king of all Ireland.
1009 - Viking chieftain Olaf Haraldsson (St. Olav) attacks London by river and destroys London Bridge.
1010 - Viking explorer Thorfinn Karlsefni attempts to found a settlement in North America.
1013 - Danes, helped by Olaf Haraldson, conquers England; Æthelred flees to Normandy.
1014 - The Vikings of Ireland are finally defeated in the Battle of Clontarf, but Brian Boru is killed.
1015 - Vikings abandons the Vinland settlements at the coast of North America.
1016 - Olaf Haraldsson regains Norway from the Danes; Christianity approaches Norway.
1016 - Danes, under Canute the Great, gains full control over England.
1018 - The coronation of Canute the Great, as King of England.
1026 - Kings Anund Jakob (Sweden) and Olaf Haraldsson (Norway) attacks Denmark, but fails.
1028 - Knut (Canute), king of England and Denmark, conquers Norway and Olaf flees.
1030 - Olaf Haraldsson returns to regain Norway, but is killed at Stiklestad.
1031 - Olaf Haraldsson becomes officially proclaimed a Saint, by Bishop Grimkel (August 3rd).
1035 - Canute the Great dies, Magnus, son of St Olaf, expels the Danes from Norway and regains the kingdom.
1042 - Edward the Confessor rules England, supported by Danes.
1042 - Magnus, king of Norway, becomes king of Denmark.
1045 - Magnus grants Harald Hardraada half of Norway, as a co-king.
1047 - Magnus, king of Norway & Denmark, dies; Hardraada sovereign king of Norway; Claims Denmark as well.
1047 - Svend Estridsson gains control of the Danish throne, but Hardraada won't give up his claim.
1049 - Hardraada founds Oslo, Norway.
1050 - Hardraade raids Haithabu.
1062 - Hardraada defeats Svend Estridsson at the Battle of Nissen, but fails to gain control of Denmark.
1064 - Hardraada gives up Denmark and recognizes Svend Estridsson as legal heir to the throne.
1066 - Harold Godwinson defeats Harald Hardraada, who dies in the Battle of Stamford Bridge (Sep 25th).
1066 - William, Duke of Normandy, defeats Saxon king Harold in the Battle of Hastings (Oct 14th).
1072 - Vikings conquers Palermo.
1085 - Danish Vikings makes a final attempt to conquer England but fails.
see also Viking Timeline